July 15 is Cow Appreciation Day. Here are some fun activities to incorporate into your child care program that involve cows.
- “Milk” Cows – Fill latex gloves with milk and tie them shu. Poke small holes in the fingers of the gloves. Hang the gloves under a small folding table or chair with a bowl underneath. Have children squeeze and pull the fingers to get the milk out, and they will see how it is to really milk a cow.
- Udder Painting – Fill latex gloves with black paint. Poke a small hole in one of the fingers. Place white paper on the table, and let children squeeze out the paint from the ‘udder.’
- Cow Spots Sponge Painting – Have children dip shower loofahs into black paint and dab on white paper.
- Favorite Milk Graph – Talk about how milk comes from cows and create a class graph of favorite flavors of milk: plain, chocolate, or strawberry.
- Make Ice Cream in a Bag – Use milk along with the other ingredients listed here, to make ice cream in a bag. Since July is National Ice Cream Month, it is also a good tie-in during Cow Appreciation Day!
- Cows are also known as cattle.
- Cows are herbivores meaning they eat grasses, plants, corn. They do not eat meat.
- There are many types of cows.
- Cows are smart and intelligent animals.
- They are also social animals and interact with other cows.
- Cows say “moo” as a way to communicate.
- A male is called a bull.
- A female who has given birth is called a cow.
- A female who has not given birth is called a heifer.
- A baby cow is called a calf.
- There are over 1 billion cows that live in the world!
- Cows live on every continent except Antarctica.
Cow Books and Resources:
Having children move like animals, especially while transitioning from one activity to the next, is a great way to encourage activity and keep kids on their toes. Here are 25 ways to move like an animal to challenge children. Instead of simply having kids get in line to go outside, ask them to gallop like a horse to the line.
- Bounce like a puppy.
- Climb like a koala bear.
- Crawl like a turtle.
- Fly like a bird.
- Gallop like a horse.
- Glide like a goose.
- Hop like a bunny.
- Jump like a kangaroo.
- Leap like a frog.
- March like an ant.
- Pounce like a cat.
- Run like a cheetah.
- Scamper like a squirrel.
- Scurry like a mouse.
- Scuttle like a crab.
- Slither like a snake.
- Stomp like an elephant.
- Strut like a rooster.
- Swim like a fish.
- Swing like an ape.
- Swoop like an eagle.
- Trot like a donkey.
- Waddle like a penguin.
- Walk tall like a giraffe.
- Wiggle like a worm.
Benefits of Movement
Encouraging movement in early childhood has so many benefits for children. In addition to creating healthy habits and fostering a lifelong commitment to physical activity, children whose early childhood education is based in movement enjoy the following benefits in both early childhood and for the rest of their lives:
- Better social and motor skill development
- Increased school readiness skills
- Building developing muscles, bones, and joints faster
- Reducing fat and lowering blood pressure
- Reducing depression and anxiety
- Increased learning capacity
- Developing healthier social, cognitive, and emotional skills
- Building strength, self-confidence, concentration, and coordination from an early age
(excerpt from The Importance of Early Childhood Activity)
“Good job” is one of the most overused praise phrases spoken to young children. Here is a list of simple “Good job” alternatives.
Keep in mind, that these are just general, simple phrases for something different. The best way to praise a child and encourage self-esteem, is to be specific as to what they did. Focus on the child’s effort, rather than the outcome. Examples of focusing on the efforts, include:
- “You’ve been working very hard on that drawing.”
- “You really practiced a lot on that song!”
Hopefully, these simple “Good job” alternatives can help you find other ways to praise a child.
- Great work!
- Wonderful job.
- This is tremendous.
- You did a remarkable job.
- How extraordinary.
- Nicely done.
- This is terrific!
- I love it!
- Super work!
- You did great!
- You worked hard.
- I am proud of this.
- How incredible!
- You did it!
- Keep it up!
- You have it perfectly.
- Marvelous work.
- You put in a lot of effort.
- Marvelous job.
- Right on!
- Very impressive.
- That’s the way.
- Good for you.
- Nice going.
- Way to go!
- Well done!
- You got this!
- Really nice.
- That’s great!
- Beautiful work.
- Exceptional job.
- You hit the bulls eye.
- Rock on!
- This is top-notch.
Other Resources on ways to praise children, rather than saying “Good Job”:
Math manipulatives are great for children to use for problem-solving and understanding basic math concepts. They also encourage imaginative play and exploration. Here are some popular math manipulatives to consider.
|One Inch Cubes
|Base 10 Blocks
|Double Sided Counters
Importance of Hands-on Manipulatives in Math
(taken from article)
Math manipulatives range from simple counting blocks to geoboards and tangram puzzles. Manipulatives work well to solve problems, as a way to introduce new math skills and during free play to explore math concepts. The use of manipulatives varies based on the teacher’s philosophy of math instruction, but these math materials offer several benefits to students.
Manipulatives give the math student a concrete object to represent the concept he is learning. Instead of reading about a math concept or working out a problem on paper, he works with a physical object to better understand what he is learning. Diagrams in math textbooks often fall short because the student can’t physically interact with them. The concrete representation is useful at all levels of math, from a preschooler using blocks to strengthen counting skills to an older student using fraction models to understand equivalent fractions.
A worksheet or textbook assignment is limited in the senses it engages. The child only moves slightly to use his pencil. Manipulatives give him more freedom to move and get physically involved in solving the math problems. The manipulatives reach a wider range of learners, such as those who don’t perform well on paper-and-pencil tasks. The manipulatives engage the sense of sight and touch. Discussions about the manipulatives — either with the class or with a partner — builds communication skills. You can also use these math tools to write about the concepts. Students can draw pictures and describe what they did with the manipulatives in a math journal.
Physical objects in front of the learner give him tools to solve problems that are complex of difficult to understand. Manipulating the objects can lead the child to the answer. For example, if he struggles to reduce a fraction to lowest terms, fraction strips can help him solve the problem. He sees that one-half matches up with three-sixths on the strips. A student learning division uses counters to solve the problem. For 42 divided by 7, he gathers 42 counters and divides them into 7 groups. Instead of staring at the paper trying to figure out the answer, he solves it with the counters. Learners also get confirmation on answers that they don’t get on paper. With a worksheet, he won’t know until the teacher checks the work if he was correct. With manipulatives, he can see right away that he is correct.
Manipulatives make math more enjoyable for most students. Completing paper-and-pencil assignments is often boring and tedious. Students lose interest quickly or struggle to get through the assignment. Manipulatives feel more like playing than learning, particularly when the students are allowed to experiment and explore with the tools outside of assignments. Even when a worksheet or written assignment is required, the manipulatives can make the problems easier and more interesting to solve.
Snowmen Books for Children: Winter time is a wonderful time to involve snowmen in your child care program. Snowmen themes and activities are great fun for young children. We found a collection of some of the best snowmen books for children. These books are appropriate for children ages 1-6, and they can make a great addition to your classroom library.
Some additional snowmen resources include:
Facts About Snowmen (source):
Now that the snowy season is upon many parts of the world, it is likely that thousands of children will make an effort to build snowmen (and snowwomen) as soon as the first frost is on the ground.
Most snowmen consist of three balls of snow stacked up on top of each other—representing the feet, stomach and face of a snowperson. The face of a snowman is usually ornately decorated with coal or stones serving as a mouth and eyes and a carrot for a nose. Some people even go as far as to give a snowman additional accessories such as stick arms, buttons, gloves, a hat and a scarf, etc.
Although many people enjoy building snowmen, there are many little known facts about the history of these wintery creations.
The first documented snowman dates to the year 1380! That ancient snowman appears as a marginal illustration in the “Book of Hours,” a Christian devotional book that was discovered in the Netherlands. Since then snowmen have become iconic in societies that experience snowfalls. Snowmen are the center of numerous illustrations, fables and even songs. For example, “Frosty the Snowman” is a song that was recorded in 1950 and centers on the adventures of a snowman and the children who built him. Until this day, the song is hugely popular especially around Christmas.
Snowmen have also become the center of competitions such as those to see who can create the most unique snowperson (or snow creature). The world’s tallest snowman ever built was in Bethel, Maine, in 2008. She was named “Olympia” and she stood at 122 feet tall! This giant snowwoman had skis for eyelashes, tires for buttons, and arms made out of pine trees!